MOVEMENT DISORDERS

The application of the principles of clinical neuroscience in the treatment of movement disorders or neurodegenerative disorders is based on the concept of neuroplasticity.  

 

Depending on the findings of the examination, the involved neural pathways may be in a state of excessive or insufficient firing and the required stimulation is designed to restore balance thereby improving function.

 

Dystonia is classified as a movement disorder that presents as constant or intermittent muscle spasms, movements that are repetitive such as twisting, as well as abnormal postures.  Common forms include cervical (neck) dystonia, as well as “writer’s cramp”. There are many causes of dystonia such as trauma, genetics, infection and certain medications.

 

Myoclonus presents as a jerky movement which is a brief, uncontrolled contraction of a group of muscles or a muscle.  Myoclonus can result from damage to the spinal cord or brain and has been linked to many diseases affecting the nervous system such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, multiple sclerosis and many more.

 

Tremor is the most common movement disorder that can affect multiple body parts.  It presents as rhythmic, involuntary movement of one or more body parts, most often in the hands, face, head, trunk, vocal cords and legs.  There are many diseases that can cause a person to have a tremor such as Parkinson’s disease and less commonly orthostatic tremor.

 

Tics are voluntary movements that are sudden in nature and can occur anywhere in the body.  Eye blinking, toe curling, vocal outbursts, abdominal tensing, and the most severe form found in Tourette’s syndrome plus many more.

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