Have you sustained a head injury and are no longer able to work, go to school or even complete simple daily activities? Are headaches, fatigue, dizziness, poor concentration and short-term memory, foggy brain, light and sound sensitivity, irritability, emotionality, difficulty reading, watching television or using a computer holding you back from the life you once had?

The diverse symptoms associated with this injury are a reflection of the way the human brain moves about the skull damaging different areas during trauma.

Three Components of Post Concussion Syndrome and Related Symptoms

It is imperative that all three components be addressed if the chance for a good outcome from care is expected. Although there may be some similarities between individuals who have sustained a concussion, no two are identical


The PHYSIOLOGIC component refers to injury at the cellular (neuron) level. Symptoms generally involve fatigue and headaches with cognitive and/or physical activity, brain fog, nausea, light and sound sensitivity, dizziness and poor concentration.


The VESTIBULO-OCULAR component refers to involvement of the visual and balance system. Growing evidence in the research demonstrates the importance of evaluating concussions/mild traumatic brain injury using these biomarkers. Symptoms can include blurred or double vision, difficulty with tracking moving objects and difficulty with reading.


The CERVICOGENIC component refers to damage to structures of the neck and how they contribute to symptoms which include neck pain and headaches.

Treatments for Concussion

View our brain treatment options

Explore Treatments