The application of the principles of clinical neuroscience in the treatment of movement disorders or neurodegenerative disorders is based on the concept of neuroplasticity.
Depending on the findings of the examination, the involved neural pathways may be in a state of excessive or insufficient firing and the required stimulation is designed to restore balance thereby improving function.
General Origin of Movement Disorders
Most movement disorders are associated with pathological alterations in the basal ganglia or their connections.
What is Dystonia
Dystonia is classified as a movement disorder that presents as constant or intermittent muscle spasms, movements that are repetitive such as twisting, as well as abnormal postures. Common forms include cervical (neck) dystonia, as well as “writer’s cramp”. There are many causes of dystonia such as trauma, genetics, infection and and reaction to certain medications. In some rare cases it can be associated with abnormal iron levels in the blood.
What is Myoclonus
Myoclonus presents as a jerky movement which is a brief, uncontrolled contraction of a group of muscles or a muscle. Myoclonus can result from damage to the spinal cord or brain and has been linked to many diseases affecting the nervous system such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, multiple sclerosis and many more.
What is Tremor
Tremor is the most common movement disorder that can affect multiple body parts. It presents as rhythmic, involuntary movement of one or more body parts, most often in the hands, face, head, trunk, vocal cords and legs. There are many diseases that can cause a person to have a tremor such as Parkinson’s disease and less commonly orthostatic tremor.
Treatments for Movement Disorders
Depending on the type of movement disorder, we may employ different strategies from our treatment list to enable a better quality of life for you as the goal.