What Are Movement Disorders?


When it comes to movement disorders, there are some important facts and myths to consider before undergoing treatment.

Some commonalities can be found among movement disorders, but they have some important distinctions as well. Let’s take a look at the two categories of movement disorders, and the more common symptoms seen within.

Types of Movement Disorders

brain mapBefore we get to the categorization and why movement disorders might occur within the human body, we need to disclose what movement disorders are, and what falls into this category.

Movement disorders come in different forms and are, simply put, clinical syndromes that either provide excess or a paucity of movements that may or may not be voluntary, completely unrelated to weakness or spasticity.

Movement disorders are diseases that are synonymous and directly correlated with basal ganglia or with extrapyramidal conditions.

It is estimated that over 42 million different people suffer or have suffered in the past from one form of movement disorders. There is no one universal movement disorder, as there are a lot of causes and diseases that might hinder different disorders.

All movement disorders are categorized into two vast categories; hyperkinetic or hypokinetic.

Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders

Hyperkinetic diseases (Hyperkinesia) is an increase in voluntary or involuntary muscular movements.

patient with parkinson's

It is a state of excessive movement and restlessness, which is a side effect of numerous diseases and can have multiple different causes. It inhibits the user from making voluntary movements and makes them lose control over their muscles and muscular structure.

Hyperkinesia does not always manifest in the form of excessive movement. It can also manifest itself as excessive mental function, providing patients with the inability to think correctly or act accordingly.

More often than not, hyperkinesia is paired with another disease called hypotonia, which is a decrease in muscle tone. This can lead to disproportionate and low-functioning muscles.

There are numerous reasons why hyperkinesia might occur in the human body, such as:

  • Mental disorders
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Concussions
  • Side effects of other diseases

Some hyperkinetic diseases are Dystonia, Spasmodic Torticollis, Essential Tremor, Myoclonus, Opsoclonus, among numerous others.

Hypokinetic Movement Disorders

Hyperkinetic movement disorders refer to decreased bodily movement. It is categorized by either a partial or complete loss of all muscle function and movement in the human body, either localized or in the whole body.

man with movement disorderIt occurs due to a disruption in the basal ganglia, which might manifest itself due to different reasons. Patients with diseases that correlate with hypokinesis are often older people, as the disease is much more prevalent with the geriatric demographic.

Diseases like Parkinson’s disease are considered as hypokinetic disorders, and the patients might experience some muscle rigidity, thus impairing the movement they can perform, or shutting it down completely.

There are numerous reasons why hyperkinesia might occur in the human body, such as:

  • Mental disorders
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Concussions
  • Prolonged inactivity

Some hyperkinetic diseases are Akinesia, Bradykinesia, Dysarthria, Dyskinesia, Freezing, among numerous others.

How Broadview Treats Movement Disorders Effectively in Ottawa

Depending on the type of movement disorder, we may employ different strategies from our vast resource of treatments to enable a better quality of life for you as the goal.

Contact us today to find out more and book your first appointment on the road to recovery.

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